How to Create a Glassmorphism Effect in CSS

How to Create a Glassmorphism Effect in CSS
Satyam Chaudhary
Web Development Jul 02, 2024

In this blog article, we'll explore how to create amazing glass morph effects using CSS. This trendy design technique gives elements an elegant, translucent look, ideal for modern web interfaces.

If you've ever admired sleek, modern interfaces with semi-transparent, blurred elements, you've witnessed Glassmorphism in action.

In this guide, we'll dive deep into what Glassmorphism is, its history, key features, and most importantly, how you can create amazing Glassmorphism effects using CSS. By the end of this article, you will be equipped with the knowledge and tools to implement this beautiful design trend in your own projects.

What is Glassmorphism?

Glassmorphism is a design trend characterized by the use of translucent elements with the effect of frosted glass. These elements appear semi-transparent with a blurred background, giving them a bold, soft and ethereal look. This style improves visual depth and layering, making interfaces more engaging and aesthetically pleasing.

History of Glassmorphism

Glassmorphism's roots can be traced back to early graphical user interfaces that used glass panels for a modern and sleek look. However, it gained significant popularity with the introduction of Apple MacOS Big Sur and iOS 7, where the design included a lot of blurry, translucent backgrounds. These designs not only improved the visual hierarchy, but also made the interface lighter and more dynamic.

Characteristics of CSS Glassmorphism

  • Transparency: Glassmorphic elements are partially transparent, allowing background content to be visible through them.

  • Blur Effect: The background behind the glassmorphic element is blurred to create the appearance of frosted glass.

  • Shadow and Depth: Soft shadows and layered elements enhance depth and 3D effect.

  • Light edges: Glass morph elements often have light edges to accentuate the glass effect.

Creating Glassmorphism with CSS

Basic CSS properties

To create a Glassmorphism effect in CSS, you need to use several key properties:

  1. background filter: Applies graphical effects such as blurring the area behind an element.

  2. background-color: Provides a semi-transparent background.

  3. box-shadow: Adds depth to an element.

  4. border-radius: Smoothes corners to enhance a glass-like appearance.

Step by Step Implementation

Let's create a simple glassmorphic card using CSS.

HTML Markup

<div class="glass-card"> <h2>Glassmorphism</h2> <p>This is a glassmorphic card.</p> </div>

CSS Styles

body { background: linear-gradient(45deg, #85FFBD, #FFFB7D); height: 100vh; display: flex; justify-content: center; align-items: center; font-family: Arial, sans-serif; } .glass-card { backdrop-filter: blur(10px); background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.2); border-radius: 15px; border: 1px solid rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.3); box-shadow: 0 4px 8px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1); padding: 20px; text-align: center; width: 300px; }
fig 1:Glassmorphism Effect using CSS

This code creates a simple card with a glassmorphism effect. The backdrop-filter: blur(10px); property blurs the background, while the background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.2); gives it a semi-transparent white background. The border and box-shadow properties add depth and enhance the visual appeal.

Tips to achieve the best CSS Glassmorphism

  • Adjust blur and transparency: Fine-tune the blur properties and background color to get the right balance of transparency and blur for your design.

  • Use Soft Shadows: Soft shadows can add depth without overpowering the glass effect.

  • Bright Edges: Adding a slightly brighter edge can help bring out the look of the glass.

  • Layer elements: Combining multiple glassmorphic elements can create a more dynamic and engaging interface.

Browser compatibility and performance

Glassmorphism relies heavily on the backdrop-filter property, which is well supported in modern browsers but may not be available in older versions.

Here's a quick overview of browser compatibility:

  • Supported browsers: Latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge.

  • Unsupported browsers: Older versions of Internet Explorer and some older browsers.

To ensure good performance, use glassomorphic effects sparingly and test on different devices. Excessive use of blur effects can affect rendering performance, especially on low-end devices.

Glassmorphism FAQs

  1. Which browsers support the backdrop-filter property?

    Answer: The backdrop-filter property is supported in the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. It is not supported in older versions of Internet Explorer and some older browsers.

  2. How can I ensure good performance with Glassmorphism effects?

    Answer: To ensure good performance, use the backdrop-filter property sparingly. Excessive use of blur effects can slow down rendering, especially on low-end devices. Testing your design on multiple devices can help identify and mitigate performance issues.

  3. Can I use Glassmorphism with other CSS effects?

    Answer: Yes, you can combine Glassmorphism with other CSS effects like transitions, shadows, and animations to create a more dynamic and visually appealing design. However, it is important to maintain a balance so as not to overload the visual experience.


Now that you've learned how to implement glass morphism effects using CSS, you can enhance your web designs with a sleek, modern aesthetic. Experiment with different opacities, blur effects and color schemes to create unique and captivating user interfaces. Use the versatility of glass morphism to elevate your design projects and engage your audience with visually appealing experiences.

Glassmorphism is a powerful design trend that can improve the visual appeal of your web projects. By understanding the basic principles and techniques behind this effect, you can create stunning, modern interfaces that will engage your audience. Remember to keep performance in mind and test on different devices to ensure a smooth user experience.

Glassmorphism Effect
Web Designing
Web Development

Satyam Chaudhary

Satyam is a brilliant Engineering Undergraduate and proud Indian. He is passoinate towards web development and acquiring new skills.

He help students in understanding the concepts with a correct approach and solve their academic problems.

We are here to clear your doubts with an easy step by step approach.

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